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Baseball: Rules for Making an Out and Running the Bases

Sports >> Baseball >> Baseball Rules

You're out!
Author: Rdikeman, PD

Making an Out

The offensive team gets to keep batting until they make three outs in an inning. Here are some ways that outs are made:

Running the Bases

Overrunning first base - When running to first base, a player can overrun first base and still be safe. They must not make an attempt to run to second. Once they make the attempt to run to second, they can be tagged upon returning to first base. This is to be determined by the umpire.

Touching the bases - A player must touch each of the bases. If a base is missed and the player has to go back to touch a base, the player must touch each of the bases on the way back as well. So if you missed second and had already touched third, you need to retouch third on your way back to second base.

Only one runner per base - Two runners may not be on the same base at the same time. If they are tagged then the lead runner is safe and the other runner is out.

Tagging up - After a ball is caught, the base runner may advance, however, they need to have contact with their current base after the ball is caught. This is called tagging up because runners often run back to their base and tag it right when the ball is caught. Then they take off for the next base. It is often used to score from third base on a pop up to the outfield. If they score, the hit is called a sacrifice fly and the batter is credited with an RBI.


Infield fly rule - The rule is to stop the defense from intentionally dropping an infield pop-up in order to make a double play. The umpire will call the rule while the ball is in the air and the hitter will be out regardless of whether the ball is caught or not. The rule is only called when there are less than two outs and there is a force play at third base.

More Baseball Links:

Baseball Rules
Baseball Field
Umpires and Signals
Fair and Foul Balls
Hitting and Pitching Rules
Making an Out
Strikes, Balls, and the Strike Zone
Substitution Rules
Player Positions
First Baseman
Second Baseman
Third Baseman
Baseball Strategy
Types of Pitches and Grips
Pitching Windup and Stretch
Running the Bases

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