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Middle East


Geography of the Middle East

The Middle East is a region of Asia that is bordered by Asia to the east, Europe to the northwest, Africa to the southwest, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. Parts of Africa (primarily Egypt and Sudan) are sometimes considered part of the Middle East as well. Many of today's countries of the Middle East were formed from the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.

Economically, the Middle East is known for its vast oil reserves. It is also known as the home of three major world religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Because of its economic, religious, and geographical location, the Middle East has been at the center of many world issues and political affairs.

The Middle East is rich with history. Several great ancient civilizations were formed in the Middle East including Ancient Egypt, the Persian Empire, and the Babylonian Empire.

Population: 368,927,551 (Source: Estimate from population of countries included)
Map of Middle East
Click here to see large map of Middle East

Area: 2,742,000 square miles

Major Biomes: desert, grasslands

Major cities: Bordering Bodies of Water: Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, Caspian Sea, Black Sea, Indian Ocean

Major Rivers and Lakes: Tigris River, Euphrates River, Nile River, Dead Sea, Lake Urmia, Lake Van, Suez Canal

Major Geographical Features: Arabian Desert, Kara Kum Desert, Zagros Mountains, Hindu Kush Mountains, Taurus Mountains, Anatolian Plateau

Countries of the Middle East

Learn more about the countries from the Middle East. Get all sorts of information on each Middle Eastern country including a map, a picture of the flag, population, and much more. Select the country below for more information:

  (Timeline of Egypt)
Gaza Strip
  (Timeline of Iran)
  (Timeline of Iraq)
  (Timeline of Israel)
Saudi Arabia
  (Timeline of Turkey)
United Arab Emirates
West Bank

Coloring Map

Color in this map to learn the countries of the Middle East.

Middle East Coloring Map of countries
Click to get a larger printable version of map.

Fun Facts about the Middle East:

The most common languages spoken in the Middle East include Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Berber, and Kurdish.

The Dead Sea is the lowest point on earth at around 420 meters below sea level.

The land around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers is called Mesopotamia. This is where the world's first civilization, the Sumer, developed.

The tallest building in the world (as of March 2014) is the Burj Khalifa building in the United Arab Emirates. It is 2,717 feet tall. That is more than twice as tall as the Empire State Building which is 1,250 feet tall.

Other Maps

Arab League
(click for larger)

Expansion of Islam
(click for larger)

Satellite Map
(click for larger)

Transportation Map
(click for larger)

Geography Games:

Middle East Map Game
Middle East Crossword
Middle East Word Search

Other Regions and Continents of the World: Back to Geography

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