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Oceania and Australia


Geography of Oceania

The region of Oceania and Australia includes the continent of Australia as well as many surrounding island countries. It is located to the southeast of Asia. Australia is the smallest continent by size and the second smallest in terms of population. Oceania and Australia are surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Today, Australia is one of the world's most successful economies (GDP per capita) and New Zealand was rated the top country in the world in terms of political freedoms.

Much of the region's land mass is desert, but there are also very lush areas. Oceania has some very unique animal life for such a small region. Some examples are the koala (which is not really a bear, but a marsupial), the platypus, and the kangaroo. Oceania is also home to the Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef in the world and one of the most complex ecosystems on the planet.

Population: 36,593,000 (Source: 2010 United Nations)
Map of Oceania and Australia

Click here to see large map of Oceania and Australia

Area: 3,296,044 square miles

Ranking: Australia is the seventh largest (smallest) and sixth most populous continent

Major Biomes: rain forest, desert, savanna, temperate forests

Major cities: Bordering Bodies of Water: Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Philippine Sea, Tasman Sea, Coral Sea

Major Rivers and Lakes: Lake Gairdner, Lake Carnegie, Lake Taupo, Lake Murray, Murray River, Murrumbidgee River, the Darling River

Major Geographical Features: Great Dividing Range, MacDonnell Ranges, Australian Alps, Great Victorian Desert, Tanami Desert, Great Artesian Basin, Great Barrier Reef (in the Coral Sea), Southern Alps, South Island

Countries of Oceania and Australia

Learn more about the countries from Oceania and Australia. Get all sorts of information on each country including a map, a picture of the flag, population, and much more. Select the country below for more information:

American Samoa
  (Timeline of Australia)
Cook Islands
French Polynesia
Marshall Islands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Northern Mariana Islands
Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Wallis and Futuna

Coloring Map

Color in this map to learn the countries of Oceania.

Oceania Coloring Map of countries
Click to get a larger printable version of map.

Fun Facts about Oceania and Australia

Much of Oceania is sparsely populated and there are more sheep in Oceania than people.

Australia was used as a prison colony by Britain where they would send unwanted criminals and outcasts.

The name Australia means "land of the south".

There are less people that live in Australia than in the US state of Texas.

Oceania is located in the southern hemisphere. This means that it has winter during June, July, and August and summer during the months of December, January, and February.

Other Maps

Cultural Regions
(click for larger)

Island Groups
(click for larger)

Satellite Map
(click for larger)

Geography Games:

Oceania Map Game
Oceania Crossword
Oceania and Australia Word Search

Other Regions and Continents of the World: Back to Geography

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