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Turks and Caicos Islands

Country of Turks and Caicos Islands Flag

Capital: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)

Population: 38,191

Brief History of Turks and Caicos Islands:

The Turks and Caicos are island territories of Britain located in the Caribbean Sea. They were first inhabited by the Native American Taino.

The first European to discover the islands was explorer Juan Ponce de Leon from Spain in 1512. The Spanish began to capture the local natives to use as slaves on Hispaniola. Soon the islands were uninhabited.

Being uninhabited, the islands became a hideout for pirates. It wasn't until the 18th century that people began to settle on the island. In 1799 the islands became pare of the British colonies. Today they are still a British territory.

Country of Turks and Caicos Islands Map

The Geography of Turks and Caicos Islands

Total Size: 430 square km

Size Comparison: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 21 45 N, 71 35 W

World Region or Continent: Central America

General Terrain: low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps

Geographical Low Point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Blue Hills 49 m

Climate: tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

Major cities: GRAND TURK (capital) 6,000 (2009)

The People of Turks and Caicos Islands

Type of Government: NA

Languages Spoken: English (official)

Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

National Holiday: Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)

Nationality: none

Religions: Baptist 40%, Anglican 18%, Methodist 16%, Church of God 12%, other 14% (1990)

National Symbol:

National Anthem or Song: This Land of Ours

Economy of Turks and Caicos Islands

Major Industries: tourism, offshore financial services

Agricultural Products: corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fish

Natural Resources: spiny lobster, conch

Major Exports: lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells

Major Imports: food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials

Currency: US dollar (USD)

National GDP: $216,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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