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Country of Serbia Flag

Capital: Belgrade

Population: 8,772,235

Brief History of Serbia:

Serbia was first inhabited by peoples such as the Thracians, Dacians, and Illyrians. Alexander the Great's Empire entered into the south of Serbia in the 4th century BC. Later Serbia would become part of the Roman Empire. One of the most famous Roman Emperors, Constantine I, was born in Serbia. He brought Christianity to Rome.

The Kingdom of Serbia was founded in 1170 AD by Stefan Nemanja. Later, King Milutin would expand Serbia's territory and the Kingdom would reach its zenith under the power of his son, King Stefan Dusan. However, in the 1400s the Serbians were conquered by the Ottoman Empire.

After well over 300 years of rule by the Ottoman Empire, the Serbians began to fight for independence. Two heroes of the independence movement were Petrovic and Obrenovic. In 1876 Serbia became an independent country per the Congress of Berlin.

During World War I, Serbia was occupied by the Austro-Hungarian army. After the War the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed and it would later, in 1929, become the country of Yugoslavia. After World War II, Josip Tito Broz took power and Yugoslavia became a communist country. Tito would rule for many years. In 1989 Slobodan Milosevic became president of Serbia. Civil war was waged for years as many countries such as Croatia and Bosnia tried to break away after the fall of the Soviet Union. Tensions are still high today even thought Milosevic has been removed from power and tried for his crimes against humanity.

Country of Serbia Map

The Geography of Serbia

Total Size: 88,361 square km

Size Comparison: slightly larger than South Carolina

Geographical Coordinates: 44 00 N, 21 00 E

World Region or Continent: Europe

General Terrain: extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills

Geographical Low Point: NA

Geographical High Point: Daravica 2,656 m

Climate: in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall)

Major cities: BELGRADE (capital) 1.115 million (2009), Novi Sad

The People of Serbia

Type of Government: republic

Languages Spoken: Serbian (official nationwide); Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, Ukrainian, and Croatian (all official in Vojvodina); Albanian (official in Kosovo)

Independence: 5 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro)

National Holiday: National Day, 27 April

Nationality: Serb(s)

Religions: Serbian Orthodox, Muslim, Roman Catholic, Protestant

National Symbol: double-headed eagle

National Anthem or Song: Boze pravde (God of Justice)

Economy of Serbia

Major Industries: sugar, agricultural machinery, electrical and communication equipment, paper and pulp, lead, transportation equipment

Agricultural Products: wheat, maize, sugar beets, sunflower, beef, pork, milk

Natural Resources: oil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land

Major Exports: manufactured goods, food and live animals, machinery and transport equipment

Major Imports:

Currency: new Yugoslav dinar (YUM); note - in Kosovo both the euro and the Yugoslav dinar are legal

National GDP: $78,750,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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