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Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Country of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Flag

Capital: Saint-Pierre

Population: 5,822

Brief History of Saint Pierre and Miquelon:

Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean. Today the islands are a territory of France.

The Spanish and the Portuguese had temporary settlements here as early as the 16th century. The built here mostly due to the rich fishing in the area. By the 17th century the French had built permanent settlements on the islands. Over the years the English and the French fought over the island and it changed hands several times until the French finally gained permanent control.

Country of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Map

The Geography of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Total Size: 242 square km

Size Comparison: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 46 50 N, 56 20 W

World Region or Continent: North America

General Terrain: mostly barren rock

Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m

Climate: cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy

Major cities: SAINT-PIERRE (capital) 5,000 (2009)

The People of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Type of Government: NA

Languages Spoken: French (official)

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)

National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

Nationality: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

Religions: Roman Catholic 99%

National Symbol: 16th-century sailing ship

National Anthem or Song: note:?as a collectivity of France, La Marseillaise is official (see France)

Economy of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Major Industries: fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

Agricultural Products: vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish

Natural Resources: fish, deepwater ports

Major Exports: fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts

Major Imports: meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials

Currency: euro (EUR)

National GDP: $48,300,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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