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Saint Kitts and Nevis

Country of Saint Kitts and Nevis Flag

Capital: Basseterre

Population: 52,823

Brief History of Saint Kitts and Nevis:

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a two island country in the Caribbean. It is the smallest country in the Americas both in area and population.

Christopher Columbus discovered the islands in 1493. He landed on Saint Kitts and named it after St. Christopher, which was later shortened to St. Kitts. He also named the other island Nevis because it looked like a snow capped mountain and the Spanish word for snow is nieves. When Columbus arrived the islands were inhabited by the warrior Native American tribe the Caribs.

The English began to settle the islands in 1623 and St. Kitts was the first English colony in the Caribbean. Over the next several years the English and the French would fight over the island. Eventually the English took full control. The islands became an independent country in 1983.

Country of Saint Kitts and Nevis Map

The Geography of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Total Size: 261 square km

Size Comparison: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 17 20 N, 62 45 W

World Region or Continent: Central America

General Terrain: volcanic with mountainous interiors

Geographical Low Point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m

Climate: tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Major cities: BASSETERRE (capital) 13,000 (2009)

The People of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Type of Government: parliamentary democracy

Languages Spoken: English

Independence: 19 September 1983 (from UK)

National Holiday: Independence Day, 19 September (1983)

Nationality: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)

Religions: Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic

National Symbol: brown pelican

National Anthem or Song: Oh Land of Beauty!

Economy of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Major Industries: sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages

Agricultural Products: sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish

Natural Resources: arable land

Major Exports: machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco

Major Imports: machinery, manufactures, food, fuels

Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

National GDP: $875,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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