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Netherlands Antilles

Country of Netherlands Antilles Flag

Capital: Willemstad (on Curacao)

Population: 221,736

Brief History of Netherlands Antilles:

The Netherlands Antilles was a Caribbean country that was part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. There were two main groups of islands in the Netherland Antilles. One had Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire. The other had Saint Eustatius, Saba, and Saint Marten. In 1986 Aruba seceded and became an independent country, but still within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The rest of the Netherland Antilles was dissolved in 2010. Curacao became a country and so did Saint Marten.

Country of Netherlands Antilles Map

The Geography of Netherlands Antilles

Total Size: 960 square km

Size Comparison: more than five times the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 12 15 N, 68 45 W

World Region or Continent: Central America

General Terrain: generally hilly, volcanic interiors

Geographical Low Point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Mount Scenery 862 m

Climate: tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds

Major cities:

The People of Netherlands Antilles

Type of Government: parliamentary

Languages Spoken: Papiamento 65.4% (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect), English 15.9% (widely spoken), Dutch 7.3% (official), Spanish 6.1%, Creole 1.6%, other 1.9%, unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)

Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

National Holiday: Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA in 1909 and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX in 1980), 30 April

Nationality: Dutch Antillean(s)

Religions: Roman Catholic 72%, Pentecostal 4.9%, Protestant 3.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.1%, Methodist 2.9%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.7%, other Christian 4.2%, Jewish 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.2%, none 5.2% (2001 census)

National Symbol:

National Anthem or Song:

Economy of Netherlands Antilles

Major Industries: tourism (Curacao, Sint Maarten, and Bonaire), petroleum refining (Curacao), petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire), light manufacturing (Curacao)

Agricultural Products: aloes, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit

Natural Resources: phosphates (Curacao only), salt (Bonaire only)

Major Exports: petroleum products

Major Imports: crude petroleum, food, manufactures

Currency: Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG)

National GDP: $2,800,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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