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Country of Montenegro Flag

Capital: Podgorica (administrative capital)

Population: 627,987

Brief History of Montenegro:

The land that is today Montenegro first got its name during the 15th century. The area resisted being taken over by the Ottoman Empire for years. During the 1500-1800s Montenegro became a theocracy where the rulers were Bishop Princes and the government was entwined with religion. In 1852 the government separated from the church.

After World War I, Montenegro became a part of Kingdome of the Serb, Croats, and Slovenes and eventually became a part of the country of Yugoslavia. When Yugoslavia became communists and a virtual member of the Soviet Union, so did Montenegro. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Montenegro became part of a federation with Serbia. In 2006 Montenegro declared it independence and became its own country.

Country of Montenegro Map

The Geography of Montenegro

Total Size: 14,026 square km

Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Geographical Coordinates: 42 30 N, 19 18 E

World Region or Continent: Europe

General Terrain: highly indented coastline with narrow coastal plain backed by rugged high limestone mountains and plateaus

Geographical Low Point: Adriatic Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Bobotov Kuk 2,522 m

Climate: Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland

Major cities: PODGORICA (capital) 144,000 (2009)

The People of Montenegro

Type of Government: republic

Languages Spoken: Serbian (Ijekavian dialect - official)

Independence: 3 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro); note - a referendum on independence was held 21 May 2006

National Holiday: National Day, 13 July

Nationality: Montenegrin(s)

Religions: Orthodox, Muslim, Roman Catholic

National Symbol: double-headed eagle

National Anthem or Song: Oj, svijetla majska zoro (Oh, Bright Dawn of May)

Economy of Montenegro

Major Industries: steelmaking, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism

Agricultural Products: grains, tobacco, potatoes, citrus fruits, olives, grapes; sheepherding; commercial fishing negligible

Natural Resources: bauxite, hydroelectricity

Major Exports:

Major Imports:

Currency: euro (EUR)

National GDP: $7,157,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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