History Biography Geography Science Games


Country of Jamaica Flag

Capital: Kingston

Population: 2,948,279

Brief History of Jamaica:

Jamaica was first settled by the Native American tribe the Arawaks. The first European to arrive in Jamaica was Christopher Columbus in 1494. In 1510 Spain settled the island. Unfortunately, disease, war and slavery wiped out the Arawaks. Slaves were brought in from Africa to work the land and grow sugarcane. In 1655 Britain took control of the island from Spain and it became a British colony. When the English arrived, the Spanish fled, but freed their slaves first. The slaves escaped to the mountains. They would become known as the Jamaican Maroons and would fight the British during the 18th century. They established free communities in the mountains in the interior of Jamaica and remained free and independent from the British for many years.

In the early 1900s Jamaica gained more self-government and control from Britain. In 1962 Jamaica became a fully independent country.

Country of Jamaica Map

The Geography of Jamaica

Total Size: 10,991 square km

Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Geographical Coordinates: 18 15 N, 77 30 W

World Region or Continent: Central America

General Terrain: mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Geographical Low Point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

Major cities: KINGSTON (capital) 580,000 (2009), Montego Bay

The People of Jamaica

Type of Government: constitutional parliamentary democracy

Languages Spoken: English, patois English

Independence: 6 August 1962 (from UK)

National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 August (1962)

Nationality: Jamaican(s)

Religions: Protestant 61.3% (Church of God 21.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 9%, Baptist 8.8%, Pentecostal 7.6%, Anglican 5.5%, Methodist 2.7%, United Church 2.7%, Jehovah's Witness 1.6%, Brethren 1.1%, Moravian 1.1%), Roman Catholic 4%, other including some spiritual cults 34.7%

National Symbol: green-and-black streamertail (bird)

National Anthem or Song: Jamaica, Land We Love

Economy of Jamaica

Major Industries: tourism, bauxite/alumina, agro processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications

Agricultural Products: sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, yams, ackees, vegetables; poultry, goats, milk; crustaceans, mollusks

Natural Resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone

Major Exports: alumina, bauxite, sugar, bananas, rum, coffee, yams, beverages, chemicals, wearing apparel, mineral fuels

Major Imports: food and other consumer goods, industrial supplies, fuel, parts and accessories of capital goods, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials

Currency: Jamaican dollar (JMD)

National GDP: $24,560,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

Back to Geography Home Page

Ducksters Footer Gif with Ducks

About Ducksters Privacy Policy 


This site is a product of TSI (Technological Solutions, Inc.), Copyright 2024, All Rights Reserved. By using this site you agree to the Terms of Use.