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Country of Anguilla Flag

Capital: The Valley

Population: 14,869

Brief History of Anguilla:

Anguilla was first settled by Native American tribes. It was first Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650. The territory was ruled by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island became a British dependency along with other islands Saint Kitts and Nevis. The people living on the island wanted to remain independent from Britain. Over the years the natives tried to gain independence, but were unsuccessful. In 1971, a few years after a rebellion, Anguilla was able to secede from the other islands to become an independent British colony. It became an official British territory in 1980.

Country of Anguilla Map

The Geography of Anguilla

Total Size: 102 square km

Size Comparison: about half the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 18 15 N, 63 10 W

World Region or Continent: Central America

General Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone

Geographical Low Point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Crocus Hill 65 m

Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds

Major cities: THE VALLEY (capital) 2,000 (2009)

The People of Anguilla

Type of Government: NA

Languages Spoken: English (official)

Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

National Holiday: Anguilla Day, 30 May

Nationality: Anguillan(s)

Religions: Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%, Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 Census)

National Symbol: dolphin

National Anthem or Song: God Bless Anguilla

Economy of Anguilla

Major Industries: tourism, boat building, offshore financial services

Agricultural Products: small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising

Natural Resources: salt, fish, lobster

Major Exports: lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum

Major Imports: fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles

Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

National GDP: $175,400,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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